Colloquial Terms
Alberta Clipper: A small,fast-moving low-pressure system that forms in western Canada and travels southeastward into the United States. These storms generally bring little precipitation, generally precede an Arctic air mass.

Backstays of the sun:
A sailor's name for crepuscular rays extending downward from the sun.

Bagyo: the current name in the Philippines for a tropical cyclone.

Beam wind: Nautical term for a especially a wind blowing 90 from a ship's heading.

Bear: a region of storm-scale rotation, in a thunderstorm, which is wrapped in heavy precipitation.

Blue Watch: a severe thunderstorm otherwise known as "blue box".

Bulls-eye: A patch of clear sky at the center of a cyclonic storm; the "eye of the storm". A small isolated cloud seen at the beginning of a bull's-eye squall, marking the top of the otherwise invisible vortex of the storm.

Bust: an inaccurate forecast or an unsuccessful storm chase; a situation in which thunderstorms or severe weather are expected, but do not occur.

Cat's paw: a slight and local breeze, which shows itself by rippling the surface sea.

Chinook: A name given to the foehn on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountain.

Doctor: A colloquial name for the sea breeze in tropical and subtropical climates which is invigorating because of its relative coolness.

Dust Devil: A small, whirling of wind that picks up dirt and other loose materials as it travels.

Ebb tide: the movement of a tidal current from the coast or down an estuary or tidal waterway; opposite of flood current.

Fata Morgana: A complex Mirage that is characterized by multiple distortions of images generally in vertical, so that such objects as cliffs and cottages are distorted and magnified into fantastic castles.

Flaw: An English nautical term for a sudden gust or squall of wind.

Horse latitudes: The regions of calm and variable winds coinciding with the subtropical high-pressure belts lying on the pole ward sides of the trade winds. (The term has generally been applied only to the northern of these two regions in the North Atlantic Ocean, or to the portion of it near Bermuda.)

Indian summer: the period of mild, calm hazy weather occurring in autumn or early winter, weather of thistype is really irregular and intermittent in occurrence.

Pancake ice: Small pieces of newly formed sea ice, usually less than six feet across.   This type of young ice is almost circular in shape, and has slightly raised edges caused by collisions between individual pieces.

Roaring forties: Characterized by strong winds in the southern hemisphere where the prevailing winds are from the northwest or west.

Shooting star: Other term for meteor.